There are some eligibility requirements applicable to all work permit candidates. They need to:
You can work for the Canadian employer of your choice with the Open Work Permit, excluding:
The Open Work Permit can only be issued in some distinct circumstances, such as if you are a dependent family member of permanent residents, a participant in the Working Holiday of International Experience Canada, a refugee or refugee claimant, applying for the Bridging Open Work Permit, etc. You can find if you are eligible by answering a few questions here.
You can only work for one employer, during a set amount of time, and sometimes in the same location with an Employer-Specific Work Permit. The conditions of employment are written in the Permit, and include the employer’s name and the period of employment.
You have two options to apply from outside Canada, either (i) online, or (ii) on paper:
The case of Quebec is special. In addition to the aforementioned procedures relating to the Work Permit issued by the federal government of Canada, it will first be necessary to apply for a “Certificat d’Acceptation du Québec (CAQ)”.
Only after having the CAQ will it be necessary to begin the Work Permit process. As of January 1, 2019, the fees of the CAQ are 199 CAD.
You can find more information on the CAQ application procedure here.
Depending on the country of nationality on your passport, you may need to provide biometrics (fingerprints scanning and photograph) to a Visa Application Center, for a fee of $85. You can check here if you need to provide them.
Processing times depend on the country from where you are applying.
You can find out your country’s processing times here. You need to select “Visiting, studying, working temporarily”, then “Work Permit”, then choose the country you are applying from.